How to Treat Different Stages of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene. That should include brushing at least two times a day (morning and night) and flossing at least once a day ideally before you go to bed.

However, if you are already suffering from periodontal disease, there are available professional treatments you can get from your Kennewick WA dentist. Since periodontal disease has three distinct stages, there are also different approaches to treating each stage.

Gingivitis

At its earliest stage, periodontal disease is referred to as gingivitis. This is caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows bacteria to linger in our mouths and eat off the food that’s left between our teeth. This process releases acids that wear off our tooth enamel and causes gum irritation. A symptom of gingivitis is bleeding gums when you wake up in the morning of after brushing.

At this early stage, your Kennewick dentist may work on non-surgical therapies to control bacterial growth in your mouth and consequently reverse the symptoms of gingivitis.

Periodontitis

When damage is already present on gum tissues and bones, the stage of the disease is called periodontitis. In this case, the gums have an obvious recession and start to pull away from the teeth. Pockets of bacteria can be found deep below the gum line and there is usually intense or spontaneous bleeding on the gums.

Periodontitis is usually treated using the professional services of a dental hygienist or your Kennewick WA dentist. He would need to conduct a deep cleaning session, which involves scaling and root planing of your teeth. This treatment aims to get rid of the deep-seated bacteria in your gums.

Advance Periodontitis

Advance periodontitis is when the bones and connective tissues of your teeth have already been destroyed. Teeth become loose and crooked because of the “shifting” effect when there are no more supporting tissues holding your teeth in place.

At this stage, your Kennewick dentist may resort to more aggressive treatments and antibiotics to save your teeth and gums. Surgical procedures such as bone and tissue grafting may also be an option.

If you see symptoms of early stage periodontal disease, please call Marineland Dental Care at 509-591-0515. The clinic is always ready to help you treat any stage of periodontal disease.

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