Types of Periodontal Diseases

Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums caused by bacteria found in plaque build up. These bacteria release toxins that irritate the gums and can eventually infect our jawbones and surrounding tissues in the mouth.

Common symptoms that are associated with periodontal diseases include bleeding gums, loose teeth, and a persistent bad breath. Once you observe these signs, consult with your trusted Kennewick dentist immediately to get proper intervention. If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to teeth loss and other serious oral health problems.

Some of the most common forms of periodontal disease:

Chronic Periodontitis – This is the most common form of gum disease wherein the supporting tissues of the teeth become irritated and cause gums to separate from the teeth. When this happens, pockets form between the teeth and gums where bacteria from plaque further attack the jawbones and tissues. Compared to aggressive periodontitis, periodontal ligament and bone loss from chronic periodontitis occurs much slowly.

Aggressive Periodontitis – This type of gum disease is characterized by a fast deterioration of the periodontal ligament and bone. A major factor that distinguishes aggressive periodontitis from chronic periodontitis is the age when the patient starts developing the disease, which is usually around puberty. It is also a genetically inherited disease.

Periodontitis caused by systemic diseases – Other diseases such as respiratory problems, diabetes, and heart disease are also associated with periodontitis. This type of periodontitis may occur at any age but usually starts when the person is quite young.

Necrotizing Periodontitis – This is characterized by the death of cells or supporting tissues of our teeth due to an illness or injury (also referred to as “necrosis.”) People who are undergoing chemotherapy, for example, may suffer from this type of periodontitis. Other high-risk individuals include HIV/AIDS patients, people with poorly managed diabetes, and those who are suffering from malnourishment.

If you suspect that you or someone you know has any of these forms of periodontal diseases, please contact Marineland Dental Care. Headed by Dr. Walter Hadley, the clinic offers specialized treatment for periodontal diseases and other oral health problems. Call their Kennewick dental clinic today at 509-591-0515 to set a consultation as soon as possible.

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