By the time we reach adulthood, our teeth and gums have already been exposed to a lot of bacteria that can make us vulnerable to periodontal disease or gum disease. There are actually many types of periodontal diseases, but basically they are all infections that affect the structures around our teeth including the gums, teeth roots, and other supporting tissues in our mouths.
At the beginning, periodontal disease may only affect the gums, but if it’s left untreated, the disease can lead to issues like bad breath and tooth loss. According to the American Dental Association, there have also been studies connecting gum disease to other health conditions like stroke, cardiovascular problems, high-risk pregnancies, and bacterial pneumonia.
Cause of Periodontal Diseases
Plaque is the primary cause of periodontal diseases. It is a sticky layer of bacteria that produce toxins that irritate our gums.
When irritated, the gums become inflamed and eventually turn red and start to bleed. Irritated gum tissues then separate from our teeth, which form spaces where bacteria can move in and create further infection to our jawbones and supporting tissues.
Signs of a Periodontal Disease
Though periodontal disease is caused by infections, dental pain will not always be present. Here are some signs that can help you detect the problem at an early stage:
• Bleeding, red, and swollen gums especially after brushing
• Constant bad breath even after brushing
• Loose teeth or gums that have pulled away from teeth
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Getting into the habit of good dental hygiene is the best way to prevent periodontal disease. This involves proper brushing and regular flossing. You should also go for a professional cleaning with your Kennewick dentist at least twice a year.
Also, be aware that smoking, stress, poor nutrition, and teeth grinding can also affect your gums, which may lead to a serious case of periodontal disease. Once you detect that you have gum problems, it is important that you get an immediate check up with your Kennewick WA dentist.